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What are fleas?

Fleas are small, brown or black, wingless, rapid-moving insects that feed on blood by biting affected animals. Not only do they cause discomfort by biting but also they can cause anemia, and some animals are allergic to them. The flea is also responsible for the spread of some diseases and tapeworms. The adult flea has a life span of up to one year, and has a complete life cycle - egg, larva, nymph, and adult. The eggs hatch into the larval stage. The larvae may remain in the environment for up to 200 days.

It is very difficult to kill the larva stage, and the egg is also very resistant to insecticides. The only reason the adult flea infests an animal is to obtain a blood meal. The rest of the life cycle takes place in the environment.

Animal control of fleas without thorough control of the animal's environment is not as effective as treating the pet and the place.

Flea Control

Treat the environment:

  • 1. Thoroughly clean the house to remove dirt, eggs and larvae.
  • 2. Vacuum all floors and bedding. Throw out all you can. Place a fresh flea collar in vacuum bag.
  • 3. Dog houses should be treated weekly with a premise spray. Treat the yard and any outdoor resting/sleeping places with sprays or dusts.

Treat the pet:

Do not forget to treat all other pets in the household at the same time. Do not use any flea control products on cats unless the label states if it is safe for cats. Do not use household products on animals.

  • 1. Flea collars are of little or no use for dogs and cats.
  • 2. Topical/systemic medication such as Frontline, Revolution, Advantage, Sentinel, etc are very effective.